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Wednesday, June 15, 2011

Citroen GSA (1979-1986)


Citroën GS was a brilliant solution to the problems the French manufacturer. Resulted from the merger models of the 2CV and DS. The car took a smaller engine that was enlarged to 4 cylinders, and more comfortable, hydro-pneumatic suspension.

Since the early '60s Citroen cars look middle class, which fall outside between already produced - a small 2CV and DS large and luxurious. Model Ami 6 launched in 1961 was only a temporary solution. The French company began work on a 60th C It would be the car longer and wider than the Ami, but using the existing design. As a source of power was to provide an engine capacity of 1100 cc or 1400. It was also planned to use larger units, and hydro-suspension.

Citroën GS was presented in 1970. Already this season, was named "Car of the Year" and, at the Geneva Motor Show a special award for design of the car. This vehicle has been driven by air-cooled, 4-cylinder boxer with a capacity of 1015 cc and power of 55.5 hp. This was also the smallest production car with the suspension of a hydro-pneumatic.

Initially, auto was available only in Berlin. In late 1971 and 1972 also appeared in the station wagon (break). Also, the first engine was too weak. Appeared in the next unit with a capacity of 1129, 1220, and later in 1299 ccm. In the 1977 season passed GS modernization. Changed include rear lights, and the previous four-speed boxes were replaced by 5-degree.

In 1979 he entered the market model of the GSA. The new car looks a bit different than the previous GS. Was longer by 9.5 cm and 3.6 cm Berline as Break. Received other plastic bumpers (metal in the GS), larger tail lights and changed the internal design the car, opened the hatch and now with the rear window.

The interior, especially the dashboard Citroën GSA, attracted attention with its unusual design. The car features - like the GS - in the one-armed steering wheel. GS had a speedometer, which in addition to driving the speed indicated putative braking distance. Unfortunately, later abandoned this approach. In the model GSA everything look more futuristic. On both sides of the steering wheel were called. "Satellites." In the left housed the light switches, indicators, horn and wipers. The buttons on the right handle other functions, such as heated rear window.

Top on the board over the handlebars was a panel on which the silhouette of the car could be seen with links to individual teams. Inflammation of the light indicating a failure of a component. Below are mounted two windows, like a bathroom scale. One of them showed the speed and the second engine speed. Between them and placed a bit lower mileage counter and a clock. These indicators were quite conventional.

Initially, the GS was available only in the specifications and the Comfort Club. However, GSA sold as Spécial (basic), Club (with a larger engine and better equipment), Pallas (luxury) and X3 (sports). Then came the X1. Technically, the car was like X3, but much worse equipped.

GS in the model name is Grand Series (the "great series".) This term has proved to be extremely accurate. It was one of the best-selling Citroën. In total, over 16 years of production built around 2.5 million units of this car, ie, GS and GSA in a variety of body styles and equipment.

On the road the departure I limited series model GSA. The 1982 season showed a tuner (1500 copies) with a black body, beige upholstery, and a radio set from Philips. Two years later, the version presented Cottage (2000 pieces) with a combo, and after a further two seasons, appeared in Chic (1200 cars) in a gray, metallic-colored and aluminum wheels. In 1986, the latest Citroën GSA has been sold in Europe. In Indonesia, the production of the car continued up until 1991.