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Saturday, March 12, 2011

Lancia Delta HF Integrale (1979-1994)


Six world titles in rallying producers gained in a row. It's just part of the achievements of one of the most popular car in automotive history - Lancia Delta HF Integrale.In 1979 he released the Lancia Delta, a successful compact, which were mounted engines with capacities of 1.3 and 1.5 liters, from the Fiat Ritmo. Just one year later won the prestigious title of auto poll of European Car of the Year and motivated Lancia. In 1983 he introduced a model Delta HF Turbo, which was powered by turbocharged engine gaźnikowym DOHC 1.6-liter. 130 horsepower made the compact camera with a light sports car.In 1986 ended the era of cars racing in Group B, a 600-horse monster a little slower than contemporary F1 cars. A year later, the maximum power cars slashed to 300 horsepower, and the battle joined in the Audi 200 Quattro, Sierra RS Cosworth and Nissan 200 SX.

Unrivalled proved to be the Lancia Delta HF 4WD, which in the years 1987-1992 has won six league titles in the constructors' championship in a row. The experience gained during the rally the Italian manufacturer decided to move to a public road. That is born Lancia Delta HF Integrale, a car with one of the greatest ever in the history of motoring.

Delta HF Integrale was presented in November 1987. Turbocharged, eight valve engine with 2.0-liter intercooler and electronic fuel injection producing 185 horsepower output. It was enough to car accelerated to the first hundred in 6.6 seconds and tended to a top speed of 218 kmh. As for those times such a performance in a compact, Lancia were incredible.

Two years later, in May 1989, Lancia has made liter power unit to another 8-valve, creating a 16-valve engine with 200 horsepower. 0-100 km / h in 5.7 seconds and a top speed of 220 km / h. Auto also got hydraulic clutch, wider wheels, more advanced ABS system. Changed the distribution of power in proportion to the front 47%, 53% back on the 44:56.

After 2 years, in October 1991, Lancia introduced the next version of the Delta Integrale, which this time she wore the additional designation Evoluzione. This model is distinguished from the older version of the wider wheel arches, new front suspension, stronger brakes and the extra power under the hood (210 hp) version, without a catalyst.

Evoluzione model was not a great step forward in terms of performance car, but made up for lack of grip, handling and braking. Later versions turned up Martini Martini Five and Six, which were released on the market to celebrate Lancia consecutive league titles. At the end of production of the Delta Integrale was already 215 hp and 298 Nm of torque.