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Thursday, March 3, 2011

Jaguar E-Type (1961-1975)


Jaguar E-Type, with its long hood is considered a symbol of '60s sports car This British car was very fast one of the most recognizable in automotive history.

Initially, Jaguar E-Type was designed as a high-performance vehicle. He was replaced by D-type, which had enjoyed a number of important successes in the races. But everything has changed. The company management has decided to temporarily withdraw from the sport. In this situation, engineers at Coventry focused on creating a road car, and the result of their work surpassed all expectations. The car unveiled March 15, 1961 year living in Geneva, immediately became a huge sensation. A little later, two-door coupé, and two roadsters presented at the New York Auto Show, won the hearts of Americans.

Jaguar E-Type was delighted with his unique, beautiful lines. Responsible for the appearance of the car engineer Malcolm Saver, which was first used in the history of aerodynamics to build car bodies. However, not only the design was determined by the success of this model. New Jaguar surprise and uncommon performance.

The vehicle is equipped with a 6-cylinder in-line engine with a capacity of 3.8 liters, which reached a maximum power of 265 hp. Auto offered only with 4-speed, sport, manual transmission Moss without syncing first run. New, independent rear suspension designed by Bob Knight. Mounted them on the cradle, which was attached to the body through the rubber-steel fasteners.

Excellent unit in conjunction with a lightweight, aerodynamic body guaranteed a top speed of 100 km / h in 6.9 s. The car was able to cross the magical speed of 150 mph (about 240 km / h). Thanks to his performance of the E-Type was quickly transferred to the elite sports cars of the sixties.

Jaguar E-Type or XK-E (under that name appeared in the U.S.) was originally produced in two body styles, a 2-passenger roadster (OTS or Open Two Seater) or 2-passenger coupé (FHC, or Fixed Head Coupe) . A few years later, in 1965, presented the model of 2 +2. It extended the wheelbase by 9 inches (22.8 cm) and added two small seats. As a result of higher mass have a clear deterioration in the performance of the car. The vehicle was directed mainly towards the American market. He was also offered with an automatic transmission.

Excellent performance achieved by the Jaguar E-type made the decision to build high-performance version - Lightweight intended to take part in races, including the famous Le Mans 24 hours. Unfortunately, despite the involvement of private companies and teams of these vehicles do not take big victories. Left to enjoy the excellent results of the sale of civilian cars.

Jaguar executives quickly responded to the shortcomings of its blockbuster sports detected in the initial period of operation. They were poor cooling of the engine and steering and braking, unsuitable for high-speed performance of the vehicle. Already in 1962, held its first upgrades. At that time, so the car appeared the words "E-Type Jaguar 4.2". Auto got a new engine with a capacity of 4.2 l. Also used in a fully synchronized transmission.

In 1968, Jaguar introduced Series II. Differed from its predecessors primarily larger air intake and front fog lamps cavities without glass panels, and rounded rear bumper. Has changed the look of the dashboard.

A lot of major modifications of the type E was made in 1971. Apart from obvious stylistic changes in the Serie III reached the mechanical. This time the Jaguar was a powerful V12 engine with a capacity of 5300 cc and a power of 272 hp.

E-Type'a production ended in 1974. But even in the next year from a special line of 50 cars rolled off. All were black and had a plaque on the door compartment. The last of the IS chassis number 2872 is owned by Jaguar. In total, during the preparation of the E-Type has sold more than 70,000 of these cars. The car, which so skillfully combines the beauty and excellent performance, is history.