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Sunday, March 6, 2011

Citroen 2CV (1948-1990)


French cult vehicle has never sinned nor the rich beauty of the equipment. Although it turns out to be a popular car, antique car enthusiasts.

The history of the 2CV model started from the fact that the then director Pierre Boulanger has proposed the construction of cheap, popular car. However, such a vehicle had to meet a number of assumptions. The designers had in him to set aside space for four adults with luggage weighing 50 kg, the vehicle had to be economical, comfortable, while its top speed had to be at least 50 km / h. As if this were not enough, the design of the vehicle had to be simple, original, and to guarantee space.
A prototype of a vehicle constructed according to these principles was built in 1935, draws on an examination that was carried out in the 20s Until 1937, made a series of trial (250-300 units). The car uses 2-cylinder BMW engines water-cooled boxer. With a capacity of 375 ccm 8 KM Securenta acquired entity. To the transmission uses a 3-speed transmission without synchronization. In the car was not the starter and start the engine takes place crank mounted on a permanent basis.

The body is made of metal, and the roof of the canvas. Unfortunately, the outbreak of the war wiped out plans to bring the car into mass production. Test series almost completely destroyed, that in the hands of the Germans. Left only a few hidden units with the technical documentation.

Throughout the period of occupation in hiding from the Germans was carried out works aimed at the modernization of the vehicle. Citroen 2CV officially shown at the Paris salon in 1948, and the serial production started a year later. Initially, the 2CV was sold only in gray.

As opposed to the pre-war cars had two headlights instead of one, electric start, two front wipers and turn signals, and the BMW engine was replaced by his own design. Still it was a boxer, but the air cooled and had the power of 9 KM. This time the drive was transmitted via the 4-speed gearbox.

Since 1954, the power unit capacity was increased to 425 cc, a power drop was 9-12 hp. Later, the engine power was increased to 21 hp. Another modification of the drive the car passed in 1967, when production hit an engine capacity 602 cc and under from 1928 to 1931 hp. An important change was the introduction of design after 1964, the door opened under the direction of travel in lieu of opening the stream.

In the years 1975-1980 in the car was introduced, among others Rectangular headlights, wider bumpers and grille were prepared from plastic. The last modification of the car was conducted in 1980, then back on the use of round headlights and rectangular are available on request. At the front there are disc brakes, front seats are equipped with seat belts, and have also become standard belts in the rear. In addition, the engine uses a new carburetor.

Citroën 2CV was produced until 1989 in Paris. Finally, its production ended a year later in a Spanish factory in Vigo. A total of nearly 4 million were created for these vehicles.

The peculiarity of this car is the chassis. Wheels suspended on a single longitudinal rockers. Front and rear springs are combined. The result is comfort and, unfortunately, strong spring roll when cornering and braking. Unusual solution is to put shock absorbers on the wheels.

Auto arose in different body styles. Since 1951 the van was produced, the variety of the 1958 Sahara with all-wheel drive. It uses two motors. Additional built in the trunk and drives the rear wheels of the vehicle. Drive axles has been passed through two gearboxes. Such a vehicle involved in the Paris-Dakar rally. In 1967, he appeared to be more luxurious variant of Dyane, Mehari and a year later with the body of plastic.