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Sunday, March 20, 2011

BMW 3 E21 (1975-1983)


BMW E21 is considered the first model series 3, which the company began producing from Munich. The first models came down the production line in 1975, they were models of four-cylinder versions of 316, 318, 320, 320i and the newer generation of engines per injection. In 1977 you could already buy the 320 and 323i models with engines 6 - cyl. For efficient and less demanding in terms of performance, in 1981, presents a model 315, 1.6 engine, such as the construction of the model 316, but with less power. In total, from 1975 to 1983 produced two body versions: 2 door sedan and 2 door kabrio baur, was unusual in the E21 station wagon (touring) (multiple units). Auto characterized by an interesting figure popularly known as "shark." Front end of a side profile reminiscent of a shark's head.

At the beginning of the production of carburetors mounted turbo engines, and later they started to produce injection engines (the first model, a modified M10 320i). The basic unit of gasoline (E21 did not have a diesel engine) is a model 316 had a power of 90 bhp and gave the up to 160 km / h. The first 100 km / h when it obtained 13.8 s. Only an entity working on the injection could boast of decent performance with the 320i model possessed the power of 125 hp and gave the up to 180 km / h. In 1977 he assembled the first 6-cylinder engines in the 320 and 323i, for that was even weaker available automatic transmission. These were the beginnings of M20 engine. In 1980 he was named the most powerful version of the E21 Alpina B6, its power is 200 hp, which was achieved with 2.8-liter engine. Sprint to 100 was 7.5 seconds, in these times is really a lot. Since 1981. introduced the model 315 of reduced power to 75 hp. This model was the longest E21 models produced until 1983, now in parallel with three second-generation E30.

The model at the end of eight years has undergone several modifications. The main changes are additional lights to the front since 1977 At the beginning of a narrower tire mounted (165) after modification could meet with a width of 185 mm for 13 inch rims, an increase in the fuel tank of 52 liters to 58 liters.