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Friday, November 12, 2010

Ford Taunus (1979-1982)


Taunus is one of the oldest name among the models of cars produced by Ford's German. First appeared in 1939, and after the war German Fords until 1968, bore only the name of the Taunus. It was only later came the name: Escort, Capri and Granada. These are the names of the Ford car models, built as a British label. Taunus is the name used exclusively for the German Fords, coming from the mountains stretching to the north-western part of Germany. The described model is a modernized version of the Taunus model of 1970. First made its modernization in 1974, and the second in 1976 Body Basic exterior dimensions have hardly changed. Increased by 7 cm in body length was the result of insertion of a flexible tape at the front and rear bumper. And lowered by 73 mm, w. compared with previous models, the bonnet, which improved the visibility of the vehicle with a meter, but also improves the aerodynamic shape of the vehicle.

The front wall was removed Americanized, chrome grille, which was replaced by a black matte mesh. Two rectangular headlights have a large area, and next to them on the corners of the body, also posted big lamp with vertical direction. Under bumper, almost the entire width of the car, there is a large air intake hole to the engine compartment. Below this hole shape creates a spoiler plates, giving a sporty look that part of the vehicle. Spoiler helps to reduce air resistance when driving up to the 13th .. 15%.

An elongated zone of deformed front part of the body efficiently absorbs energy during the impact. After testing the car body striking a concrete wall at a speed of 50 km / h Ford specialists estimated that energy-intensive construction of the front part of the body will reduce the value of the delay Taunus car crash to 21 g. The limit for delays resulting from the maximum test strength of safety belts is 35 g. Taunus man riding belt fastened is therefore a good chance of survival in a collision with a rigid barrier at a speed of 50 km / h. With the front seats fitted three-point seat belts with inertial structure, allowing the passenger to move freely a breached lanes. At the time of the rapid movement of the human body causes the belt tension and restraint following the action.

Stiffened and the passenger cabin was opened inside the insulation mats to protect occupants including against glass breakage in the event of an accident, and the noise coming from the drive system of the vehicle and ambient noise. The total weight was 20 kg carpet, and the most luxurious version called Taunus Ghia, up to 37 kg. Lined were: floor plate, body sides, roof, dashboard and the wall behind the rear seat. Thickness of the insulating mat reached up to 18 mm.

The interior of the body recently produced Taunus compared to the previous model, the 1974 has not changed, because it was a well-resolved, spatially and aesthetically. Improved visibility of the car because the rear window has been increased by as much as 32%. You can only criticize the engineers that designed a very small distance from the rear seat cushion to the roof. This distance in Taunusie was 82 cm, and in our little Fiat 126p - 85.5 cm!

It was good ventilation of the passenger resolved. With closed windows, while driving at a speed of 130 km / h, the air is stated to be inside at 18 s. In comparison with the previous model, featured the Taunus had greatly increased the volume of the boot - from 325 to 485 dm3. Increase the volume of the trunk obtained by the above-drawn line of the body in the back of the lot. The high rear wall of the trunk, however, difficult luggage loading. Under the trunk floor was laid flat spare tire and fuel tank 54 I.

Ford Taunus was built with the body of two-and four-and five-door as a station wagon. Body, depending on the equipment, determined: standard, L, GL, S and Ghia. To various equipment such as varieties of the body were halogen headlights and headlight washer glasses. Electric pump, which pumps the liquid in the glass headlight, charge a very high output of 450 W. The tank mounted on the left wing in the engine compartment the fluid is pumped by the pump at high (6 atm) pressure on the headlight glass: fluid leaking from the holes in the headlight glass canines front bumper. Ośmiolitrowy reservoir contains a sufficient amount of fluid to wash lights 100 times. The effectiveness of cleaning with high pressure headlight is big; washer meets the requirements set by Swedish standards. There is no need for complicated mechanisms wiper headlight lenses.

In addition to several varieties of bodywork, the Ford Taunus was built in six motor. They could have an inline four-cylinder engines from 1.3 to 2 and I widlaste displacement six-cylinder engines with a capacity of 2 and 2.3 liter engines power reached 43 .. 84 kW (59 .. 114 hp). All engines are modern, but their design has already had quite a few years. The four-camshaft was placed in the head, V (angle 15 °) suspension system of valves, a camshaft drive for the assistance received timing belt. These engines are economical to run. Six-cylinder engines have a camshaft placed in the center, between the forks of cylinders. Crankshaft driven them through the camshaft sprockets. These engines were produced from the autumn of 1964, when it appeared Ford 20M.

The dynamics of the vehicle was different depending on the used engine. Taunus 1.3 engine and a power of 43 kW (59 hp) gave the up to 100 km / h in 19.2 seconds, while the V6 engine with 84 kW (114 hp) obtain this speed after 10.3 s acceleration. Just as in cars Ford Fiesta and Escort, the gearbox and main gearbox makes no mention of oil throughout the vehicle. The bands of strong magnets mounted that collect solids, and there is no need for maintenance.

In autumn 1979, were modernized the car body, including changed the appearance of the front wall of the body. Taunusy along with its sister British Cortina cars were comfortable, family cars sold well in Europe. However, since there has been the development of production cars like the name of Granada, in 1982 the production Taunusów completed.