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Sunday, October 31, 2010

Renault 16 (1965-1980)

In 1960 a group of engineers from Billancourt started work on a project 1150th It was a technological revolution - the vehicle, who later received the designation 
 16 completely different from the models with the engine mounted Dauphine back. In no way resembled the larger model Fregate with the front-engine, but still 
 rear-wheel drive and has an archaic pontoon body.

For the first time in the history of Renault cars were designed to drive the front wheels 
 ii for the first time in the history of the automobile body referred to the English word hatchback received a fifth door - hinged top flap, which facilitated access to the boot 
 and enable loading of bulky items. The first sketches the characteristic profiles of the clipped back and a long wheelbase formed in 1961 - long before the project implemented by the sirens of 110 BKPmot and FSO. Staff of the dozens of people led by one of the greatest French designers of the twentieth century - Philippe Charbonneaux 
 - many built clay models of the new Renault at different scales, giving a block of soft shapes. One of the designers, stylists was later head of the Renault Automobile Service Style (Design Department) - Gaston Juchet. Large glass surfaces of windows in the distinctive wedge-shaped mierzącemu they added 4.23 m vehicle lightness.

In 1963, the prototypes were ready, which was tested in a wind tunnel and subjected to crash tests Renault's research center in Lardy. The result of these tests was to strengthen the construction of the passenger compartment. Since the first production copy, Renault 16 points had a standard safety belt anchorages driver and passenger. In later years it also made for the rear passengers. Department designing engines tested several four-cylinder units. As a result, a selected motor with a capacity of 697 cm, 1470 force 59 hp. Assembled in the years 1965-1971. Bench also tested a more powerful unit 1 565 cm and 83 hp. Engine type: 807 stood out head with a transverse flow of the mixture and the valves set 

In addition to the standard four-speed gearbox was working on a gearbox with five ratios, 
 as well as over-speed automatic transmission. Throughout the period of manufacture Renault 16 had the gearshift on the steering column. The front suspension uses control arms and torsion bars, rear trailing arms are placed with transverse torsion bars.

Provide effective braking discs (front) and rear wheel brakes. In 1964, prototypes covered over one million kilometers, from Morocco to northern Finland. The suspension is tuned after thousands of hours test run on the track Monthlery.

The official premiere of the car took place in March 1965 at the Geneva Motor Show. Presentation of Renault in 1916 led to multi-day siege of the booth. The car was found by one of the journalists' magazine L'Automobile revolutionary vehicle that set new trends in the automotive industry. Soon, an international jury of automotive journalists awarded the honorable title of sixteen Car of the Year 1966. Serial production model was launched in 1965, Renault's new plant in Sandouville.

In addition to front-wheel drive and an innovative body Renault 16, referred to initially as half a limo / half combo, an important advantage was the possibility of interior design in several different ways - from the bedroom to the interior designed for the transport of long objects. Allow the front seats fold and split rear seat. Depending on their configuration can be obtained from 345 to 425 liter luggage capacity - excluding the floor to the window line - and twice more in the case removed from the bench and use the entire height of the vehicle, which gave almost the same capacity as the mid-size station wagon. Among the thousands of models of cars produced worldwide, the Renault 16 was the undisputed leader of functionality and use of space.

The Luxe version 16 was installed in front of a sofa, model 1916 Super Grand Luxe and already had a separate seat at the front, rear seat armrest and a few other amenities such as lighting rack, an electric cigarette lighter, and - for an extra charge - one of four shades of metallic paint. In the top-version of the Super introduced a completely new solution - a longitudinal adjustment of the rear seats. The vehicle has developed a top speed of 
 of 145 km / h, and its fuel consumption was 9.5 l/100 km.

1470 cm modified engine with a capacity of 82 hp and the transmission went to the British Lotus Europa S1, which was to be sold to the Renault dealer network in the Old Continent. By the end of the production made them before, but the line of the body did not fundamentally change. Major changes related to the drive units and other mechanisms. With a view to countries with poor quality fuel was introduced several versions of the engine 
 a lower compression ratio of at 1:7,6.

The first minor changes in the Renault 16 was introduced a few months after its release. In the course of production has changed the literal version of vehicle marking system. In March 1968, at Geneva to present a model 16 TS OHC engine with a capacity of 1565 cm 
 and 83 hp. The unit was powered dwugardzielowym Weber carburetor. Vehicle speed increased to 165 km / h. The use of radial tires 155-355 (or 155-14) improved the behavior of the car when cornering. The brake system uses vacuum to assist Mastervac, and the front bumpers are there many more far-reaching H4 headlights.

TS version (factory designation R-1151) was well equipped and has taken over the flagship model. In 1969, Renault appeared in the salons of the model 16 TA with a three-
 speed automatic transmission with hydraulic torque converter. The correct operation of the electronic gear watched module developed by Renault and Thomoson 
. Model 16 TA (power 67 hp) was designated R-1153 and was offered both 
 in Europe, as well as in the U.S. and Australia. In the late '60s range of Renault models were also offered in Poland through the network of Pekao. Sixteen 
 also offered in Czechoslovakia and Hungary.

Although the Renault 16 was associated mainly with the comfort and space, also took part in sports events. Swiss driver F. Reust (Renault 16 TS Blick Racing Team) came in 43rd place in the marathon in London-Syndey, where several hundred vehicles were involved. Auto competed in a number of other events, including the Monte Carlo Rally 
 in 1971. For fans of driving fast Autobleu company offering a range of accessories tuning. From April 1970 all versions of the Renault 16 was a standard feature 
 safety belts for driver and passenger. In 1972 he introduced two types of fascia: the L and TL models used ribbon speedometer, while the TS - round instruments.

Lifting body design was Renault in September 1973 on the occasion of the presentation of the Renault 16 TX 93-horsepower 1647 cc. Was not only a new logo, designed by Victor Vasarely, but also a five-speed, dual-circuit brake system, black plastic grille and the four square halogen headlights. Model 16 also had the TX sports rims from Renault 12 Gordini, decorative chrome frames around the windows, power windows and rear window wiper. Versions L and 
 TL and TS in 1974 received a new grille, in which two reflectors used so far.

In March 1975 he was a top notch vehicle in the range of Renault took over the six-Renault 30, a few months later model 20th High comfort and excellent usability resulted in the Renault 16 was still eagerly bought in France and several other countries around the world. In 1976, the offer remained versions of the TA, TLA, TL, TX, were withdrawn and 16 TS. In selected markets, went to the Renault 16 TL 1565 cm relaxed engine 
 and reduced power to 55 hp.

All versions of the Renault 16 had seat belts, safety and the broken steering column locks, which allowed the opening of the door, even after a strong collision and deformation of the body. Since July 1978 all versions of the standard equipment included rear seat belts.

Following the introduction of 1918 model production was restricted to the sixteenth-TX and TL models with an engine power 67 hp adapted to gasoline with reduced lead content. The most important export markets outside of France were: Belgium, Netherlands, Spain, Germany and Switzerland. The last of the 1 850 000 copies of the Renault 16 rolled off the factory in Sandouville 
 in May 1980.

Celebrating the jubilee 45th anniversary of the car has played a vital role in company's history 
 Renault. The idea of maximum use of space, safety and comfort has survived both the capacious Espace (1984 year) as well as Renault's mid-range cars - from Model 18 (1978) by 1921 (1986 year), to the successive generations of Laguna produced from 1994 to today. The idea of a hatchback body, which began Philppe Charbonneaux when designing the Renault 16, became a big breakthrough in automotive history.