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Sunday, October 31, 2010

Fiat X1/9 (1973-1989)



Fiat X1 / 9 was the popular successor to the 850 Spider. In no way, however, does not resemble its predecessor. The life of our hero began in 1969, when a car dealership in Turin, presented concept car called the Autobianchi A112 Runabout. This work of Marcello Gandini, Bertone's chief stylist, reminiscent of a motorboat on four wheels.

Fiat X1 / 9 officially debuted in 1972, a week after the living room of Turin, and that is because the presentation of the model 131st Moreover, in the name of the new car has remained a code designation of the project. Other Italian car company after the entry into production of losing those signs traditionally used for digital content, such as 128 (X1 / 1), 130 (X1 / 3), 127 (X1 / 4) or 138 (X1/30), which ultimately received a Ritmo.

Fiat X1 / 9 his unusual stance attracted the interest of many car enthusiasts. This was the first Italian company car with the engine mounted centrally from the rear axle. Two-seat vehicle with angular lines with concealed headlights and a removable roof, in particular touched a nerve with young sporty drivers. However, his performance was very modest. The power unit came
128th model The first version of the engine with a capacity of 1300 ccm power had only 75 hp. For hundreds at a time gave the more than 12 s, and reached only to 160 km / h. These parameters were slightly improved after the 1.5-liter engine from the model Ritmo. This unit Securenta acquired 85 hp and have worked with 5-speed gearbox.

Competitive sports car quickly conquered the European market. A similar career has done well overseas. Delivered to the U.S. Fiat X1 / 9 with much larger buffers, corresponding to the local safety requirements.

Fiat considering building a model based on the X1 / 9 racing car, but finally selected a similar model, also designed by Bertone and Marcello Gandini - Lancia Stratos. As it turned out, it was the right choice.

It was established while a few sports prototypes, the most famous - built by Dallara - raced in sports car world championships.

The chassis and bodywork of the X1 / 9 Bertone produced in factories in Turin. Then transported them to the famous Lingotto Fiat plant, where he assembled the engine and other components. In 1982 all production moved to Turin, and the vehicles appeared badge Bertone X1 / 9 Cars distinguished two-tone bodywork and leather seats.

In total the routes traveled about 200 thousand cars. 150,000 of them are Fiats X1 / 9, the others being Bertone X / 9 The last series of cars built in 1989-1990 was called Gran Finale (Grand Final) and this is the end of our story