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Friday, November 12, 2010

Saab 99 (1968-1984)



April 2, 1965 it was decided to start work on a new car, the middle class, which eventually would replace the 96th model The project is called "Gudmund", since that day in Sweden's birthday Gudmund. In 1966, he created prototypes called Paddan (szw.), or "toad." It was a chassis with the mechanisms of the future model 99, but with a body resembling a Saab 96th In fact, it was longer and wider, and "toad" was tested only at night, so that the changes were not visible.

November 22, 1967 was presented in Stockholm on the all-new 99th Vehicle styling designer Sixten Sason developed (born Sixten Andersson). Construction of the car was very original. Self-supporting body was devoid of floor plate and the different elements were combined with each other. Body was so stiff that ensured the sufficient level of security. Used to drive motors with capacities Triumph's 1.5 dm ³, 1.7 dm ³, and 1.85 dm ³ (since 1971). In 1972, based on a 1.85 dm ³ engine Saab has created its own design with a capacity of 1985 cc and 110 hp. The engine is mounted to the new version of EMS (Electronic-Manual-Special) with electronically controlled clutch. In 1974, for the past two and czterodrzwiowych sedans joined the 3-door hatchback version.

In 1973 he appeared in different versions of a system of signs.

They look like this:
X7 - impoverished version for the Swedish market
L - basic version
GL - richer version of the L
GLS - GL versions dwugaźnikowe
GLE - the richest different spec
EMS - sporty version of the electronically controlled clutch
Turbo - turbo-engine version

In 1977, Saab released a limited edition of 100 pieces of the Saab 99 Turbo. The following year he began his series production.
A year later, Saab introduced the model 900, based on components 99-ki, but a bit bigger than him. It can be assumed that the 900-ka is the successor to 99-ki, but Saab has decided to continue its production for 1984. After the modifications produced in the years 1984 - 1987 as Saab's 90th

At Valmet Automotive was founded in the years 1969-1984 was 191 049 units Saab 99th Add to that the models manufactured in Trollhättan, Sweden. A total of 643 units was 588.














Porsche 928 (1977-1995)


Work on the project began in 1971. According to the assumptions, the company wanted to enter a range of three cars, including models with four-cylinder engine (developed alongside the Porsche 924 of 928), six-(successor to the 911, you can guess that would be called 926) and eight-cylinder, which is the 928th model But the unrelenting success of the 911 resulted in the then abandoned with a new model of "the six".

When designing the 928 was not without problems. After inserting the first prototype engine on the dyno, after half an hour cracked engine block. However, the later stage of the work proceeded less problem. The design at that time was very modern. The engine was placed at the front and gearbox to the rear axle for better weight distribution between the two axes (transaxle layout). In 1975, he stopped work on this car, including due to the fuel crisis, to approve the draft a year later. In 1977 he presented it at the Geneva Motor Show and went on sale. Superb design meant that the car he was elected in 1978. In 1980 saw the release of 928 S, equipped with the V8 4.7 l injection (300 hp). Throughout the period of production Porsche 928 over one significant change in the body in 1987. In 1986 saw the release of 928 S4, the engine having a head with four valves per cylinder, with a capacity of 5.0 l 315 hp power. In 1989 he presented 928 GT version of the engine power of 326 hp and 1992 GTS 928 with an engine power of 350 hp. In 1995, after eighteen years of production, due to weakening customer demand, the model 928 was withdrawn from production.

Contrary to some opinions of 928 was not planned as a successor to the 911, but as a base under his successor. Perhaps differed mainly by the drive unit, however, would be a separate model. In contrast to the spartan, nostalgic model, 911, 928 are large, well equipped with Gran Turismo in those times of modern shapes and a powerful V8 engine (with capacities from 4.5 to 5.4 l). Price was also a lot higher.









Peugeot 504 (1968-1983)



Peugeot 504 had its public debut at the Geneva Motor twelfth in September 1968. It was a version of the sedan. In 1969 he joined the 2-door coupe and 2-door convertible, and in 1970 5-door station wagon.

Applied initially only one engine, 1796cc four-cylinder with a capacity reaching power of 82 hp (standard version) and 97 hp (Injection - injection). In 1970 the car received a new four-cylinder engine with a capacity of 1971cc and power of 93 hp and 104 hp (injection) and four-cylinder diesel engine with a capacity of 2112cc and power of 65 hp.

Available boxes: 4-speed manual or 3-speed automatic (ZF 3HP22).

The car had a rear wheel. Dangel French company produced a version of Peugeots 504 4x4 (variety Break (station wagon) and pick-up).

The standard was available sunroof.

The car replaced the Model 404 and has been recognized as a European car of the year 1969. In 1979 he introduced a newer model Peugeot 505, with which Peugeot 504 and Peugeot 604 and Talbot Tagora, shared many mechanical parts.

In Europe, until 1983 produced over three million copies of that car. Later production moved abroad and is being continued, especially in Nigeria (PAN company).

In April 1973, presented a version of the Peugeot 504 L in connection with the oil crisis. 1796cc engine capacity and power of 96 hp (automatic gearbox 81 hp).

Peugeot 504 is one of the most popular cars used as taxis in Africa. The reason for this is that the car works well in rough terrain, while you can buy brand new cars from Peugeot Peugeot Nigeria and Kenya.

Peugeot 504 was also produced in Argentina until 1999, but later models were slightly modified front and rear, and also had a new interior.

Its engine and suspension were used in later models Paykan, an Iranian version of Hillman Hunter.









Ford Taunus (1979-1982)


Taunus is one of the oldest name among the models of cars produced by Ford's German. First appeared in 1939, and after the war German Fords until 1968, bore only the name of the Taunus. It was only later came the name: Escort, Capri and Granada. These are the names of the Ford car models, built as a British label. Taunus is the name used exclusively for the German Fords, coming from the mountains stretching to the north-western part of Germany. The described model is a modernized version of the Taunus model of 1970. First made its modernization in 1974, and the second in 1976 Body Basic exterior dimensions have hardly changed. Increased by 7 cm in body length was the result of insertion of a flexible tape at the front and rear bumper. And lowered by 73 mm, w. compared with previous models, the bonnet, which improved the visibility of the vehicle with a meter, but also improves the aerodynamic shape of the vehicle.

The front wall was removed Americanized, chrome grille, which was replaced by a black matte mesh. Two rectangular headlights have a large area, and next to them on the corners of the body, also posted big lamp with vertical direction. Under bumper, almost the entire width of the car, there is a large air intake hole to the engine compartment. Below this hole shape creates a spoiler plates, giving a sporty look that part of the vehicle. Spoiler helps to reduce air resistance when driving up to the 13th .. 15%.

An elongated zone of deformed front part of the body efficiently absorbs energy during the impact. After testing the car body striking a concrete wall at a speed of 50 km / h Ford specialists estimated that energy-intensive construction of the front part of the body will reduce the value of the delay Taunus car crash to 21 g. The limit for delays resulting from the maximum test strength of safety belts is 35 g. Taunus man riding belt fastened is therefore a good chance of survival in a collision with a rigid barrier at a speed of 50 km / h. With the front seats fitted three-point seat belts with inertial structure, allowing the passenger to move freely a breached lanes. At the time of the rapid movement of the human body causes the belt tension and restraint following the action.

Stiffened and the passenger cabin was opened inside the insulation mats to protect occupants including against glass breakage in the event of an accident, and the noise coming from the drive system of the vehicle and ambient noise. The total weight was 20 kg carpet, and the most luxurious version called Taunus Ghia, up to 37 kg. Lined were: floor plate, body sides, roof, dashboard and the wall behind the rear seat. Thickness of the insulating mat reached up to 18 mm.

The interior of the body recently produced Taunus compared to the previous model, the 1974 has not changed, because it was a well-resolved, spatially and aesthetically. Improved visibility of the car because the rear window has been increased by as much as 32%. You can only criticize the engineers that designed a very small distance from the rear seat cushion to the roof. This distance in Taunusie was 82 cm, and in our little Fiat 126p - 85.5 cm!

It was good ventilation of the passenger resolved. With closed windows, while driving at a speed of 130 km / h, the air is stated to be inside at 18 s. In comparison with the previous model, featured the Taunus had greatly increased the volume of the boot - from 325 to 485 dm3. Increase the volume of the trunk obtained by the above-drawn line of the body in the back of the lot. The high rear wall of the trunk, however, difficult luggage loading. Under the trunk floor was laid flat spare tire and fuel tank 54 I.

Ford Taunus was built with the body of two-and four-and five-door as a station wagon. Body, depending on the equipment, determined: standard, L, GL, S and Ghia. To various equipment such as varieties of the body were halogen headlights and headlight washer glasses. Electric pump, which pumps the liquid in the glass headlight, charge a very high output of 450 W. The tank mounted on the left wing in the engine compartment the fluid is pumped by the pump at high (6 atm) pressure on the headlight glass: fluid leaking from the holes in the headlight glass canines front bumper. Ośmiolitrowy reservoir contains a sufficient amount of fluid to wash lights 100 times. The effectiveness of cleaning with high pressure headlight is big; washer meets the requirements set by Swedish standards. There is no need for complicated mechanisms wiper headlight lenses.

In addition to several varieties of bodywork, the Ford Taunus was built in six motor. They could have an inline four-cylinder engines from 1.3 to 2 and I widlaste displacement six-cylinder engines with a capacity of 2 and 2.3 liter engines power reached 43 .. 84 kW (59 .. 114 hp). All engines are modern, but their design has already had quite a few years. The four-camshaft was placed in the head, V (angle 15 °) suspension system of valves, a camshaft drive for the assistance received timing belt. These engines are economical to run. Six-cylinder engines have a camshaft placed in the center, between the forks of cylinders. Crankshaft driven them through the camshaft sprockets. These engines were produced from the autumn of 1964, when it appeared Ford 20M.

The dynamics of the vehicle was different depending on the used engine. Taunus 1.3 engine and a power of 43 kW (59 hp) gave the up to 100 km / h in 19.2 seconds, while the V6 engine with 84 kW (114 hp) obtain this speed after 10.3 s acceleration. Just as in cars Ford Fiesta and Escort, the gearbox and main gearbox makes no mention of oil throughout the vehicle. The bands of strong magnets mounted that collect solids, and there is no need for maintenance.

In autumn 1979, were modernized the car body, including changed the appearance of the front wall of the body. Taunusy along with its sister British Cortina cars were comfortable, family cars sold well in Europe. However, since there has been the development of production cars like the name of Granada, in 1982 the production Taunusów completed.



Fiat Ritmo (1978-1988)



Once that was first shown at the Turin Motor Show in 1978. Ritmo name was to symbolize the dynamics of the contemporary era, and was chosen from over 400 different proposals, a digital indication of the car at the end of the names associated with the power of the engine used.

The characteristics of the body is a sharp, wedge-sloping front and made of plastic front and rear bumpers. Drag coefficient is Cd = 0.44. The car was built in 3 - and 5-door model with rear doors that open up and maintained using telescopic outriggers and the rear seat is folded to increase luggage space. Fuel filler is located behind the rear axle on the left side of the vehicle, a tank under the floor of the trunk and lifted in 1982, went under the rear seats, located in 51 liters of fuel, allowing the distance of about 600 km. Rear suspension and chassis were all taken from Fiat 128th

Fiat Ritmo was built up in the 7 versions of gasoline-powered motor:
- 1049 cc 40 kW (55 hp) - the engine borrowed from the Fiat 127
- 1116 cc 40 kW (55 hp) - the engine of the Fiat 128
- 1302 cc 48 kW (65 hp)
- 1498 cc 55 kW (75 hp)
- 1585 cc 77 kW (105 hp) - the engine of the Fiat 131
- 1995 cc 92 kW (125 hp) - construction company Abarth
- 1995 cc 95 kW (130 hp) - construction company Abarth

and two diesel engines:
- 1697 cc 43 kW (58 hp)
- 1929 cc 59 kW (80 hp) - turbo

All versions of the engines are installed transversely on the right side of the vehicle. Clutch, gearbox and final drive are located on the left. The engine is a cast iron cylinder block, alloy head, overhead camshaft, driven by toothed belt from the crankshaft, bearings embedded in five of the block.

Ritmo was produced with the three versions of the gearbox: with four and five ratios for forward and automatic transmission, bought from Volkswagen and mounted in cars Golf, Passat and Scirocco.

In 1982, the car body modification performed Ritmo, especially in its front part. Changed the shape of air intake openings to the engine room ventilation and clearance. The front car was four headlamps and grille with five slanted stripes, symbolizing the brand.

In 2007, Fiat has decided that the new Bravo will bore the name of the Ritmo in Australia.




Citroen SM (1970-1975)



Auto was first presented at the Paris Salon in 1970, while the official premiere took place at the Geneva Motor Show in 1971. In the same year the first copies hit the U.S. market. For the U.S. version was equipped with an automatic gearbox Borg Warner 35th The first versions were equipped with three carburetors coupled to Weber, they were replaced in the next year by an electronic injection, Bosch D-JETRONIC.

Citroën SM predecessor had not lived to see the ever successor. With his production dropped in 1975 due to energy crisis (a sharp drop in car sales with large volumes).

Body of difficult to determine the type - is between three-door liftbackiem, a coupe, with a very characteristic lines. At that time managed to get a perfect aerodynamic drag coefficient Cx = 0.339.

Of note are the headlights and license plate hidden behind the shield of Plexiglas. For other U.S. market mounted headlights and dropped from the enclosure. Traditionally, the car Citroën SM was used in the model enclosed rear wheel. Combine the best features race car sports car - a Maserati engine, hydropneumatic suspension with the comfort of the first generation.

Range of engines rather poor - only the Maserati unit with a capacity of 2966 cc and 180 hp at 5,750 rpm. To stop the car - uses disc brakes on all wheels. Car was available with leather upholstery, automatic transmission (standard in USA, optional in Europe).

Produced eight pieces of convertibles and elongated Mylord Chapron Chapron Limousine Opera. To this day, the French government is using these vehicles for special occasions.




BMW Z1 (1989-1991)



BMW Z1 - two-seat roadster developed by BMW Forschung und Technik GmbH.

Production of the car was to begin in June 1988 but was delayed until March next year and lasted until June 1991, Z1 particular stood out the door. They were not open to the outside as in traditional cars or up, just kept at lower thresholds. Roadster was manufactured in quantities of 8 000 units.

Z1 model was presented to the press in 1986, a year later to be officially unveiled at the Frankfurt Motor Show. Interest in the car was so big that BMW even before production has received orders for five 000 units, but in 1988, demand fell significantly, with the result that three years later the German manufacturer has ceased assembling roadster. It is believed that the decrease in demand was caused by the introduction of competition, Mercedes-Benz SL, and initially high interest in this model of speculative investors.

Harm Lagaay, designer Z1 stated that when working with BMW Z1 patented discharge lamp, the mechanism of the door, the chassis plate.

Skeleton of the car is made of sheet steel, galvanized steel, surrounds the floor is made of epoxy resin reinforced with glass fibers and poliwinylowymi. The exterior is covered with a layer Z1 is made of different combinations of thermoplastic materials. Some parts like the suspension, gearbox and front-mounted, or central engine are borrowed from the BMW 325i, but the car is largely built from scratch.

The new Z1 cost 83,000-89,000 DM. In 2001, used models were sold between 125 000 and 250 000 French francs including 19.6% VAT. One copy was sold for over £ 20 000 at Bonham's auction 2004 Olympia. In 2006, these cars could be bought in France. Prices ranged from € 25 000 to 30 000 €, while most had to pay for a model in mint condition with low mileage.









Alfa Romeo Montreal (1971-1977)



The project "Alfa Romeo Montreal" was the occasion of Expo '67. It was built jointly with the design company Bertone. At the beginning no one suspected that this car will go into production, however, is precisely what happened. The production version was presented officially at the Geneva Motor Show in 1970.

With the five-gear transmission and the arrangement of another Alfa Romeo model car has passed into history as a monster room on wheels with excellent driveability.

The production of this model were engaged three plants. Alfa Romeo factory in Arese performed body stampings. Welded and welded them in factories Bertone body in Caselle, they were then painted in Grugliasco near Turin. After being assembled in the dried bodies for interior and exterior accessories. Just completed body transported to Arese, where he was a mechanical assembly teams.

In 1971 he produced 668 copies. Best score was recorded in 1972 - 2,377 units. In 1973, there has been a downturn in the market and exclusive sports cars, called the energy crisis. Therefore, the production level has fallen to a few hundred units per annum. And so was founded in 1973 - 302 units in 1974 - 205 units in 1975 - 323 units in 1976 to 1923 pieces, and in 1977 - 27 units. This gives a total of 3,925 copies.




Wednesday, November 10, 2010

Mercedes W123 (1975-1986)




They call him "barrel." This car almost unbreakable, wear-resistant, long life, reliable. It is also the largest Mercedes market success, a new chapter in the history of the German brand.

Phenomenal durability of this model quickly appreciated the Polish (and other), taxi drivers, for which a few years ago Mercedes W 123 with a diesel engine meant the perfect car. On our potholed roads, like Swiss cheese "barrel" was able to drive without repair for up to seven hundred thousand kilometers! Not only that - restored the car safely traveled twice as much! Not surprisingly, until recently a corporate taxi drove almost the same Mercedes. To this day, many "taryfiarzy "with tears in his eye recalls his legendary car. Many of them yearn for him after przesiadce much less stylish Daewoo, Hyundai, or Opel.

Equally good evidence immense strength "barrels" were her sporting achievements, including those referenced in the toughest races of the world. Your participation in this is also our Sobiesław, nomen omen, the principle that in 1978, driving a Mercedes with Blazej Krupa took sixth place in theSafari Rally in a killing. In the same year he finished in second place in Rally Around South America. This achievement he repeated in 1979.

It was January 1976, when the previous middle class Mercedes symbols determined in the 114 and the 115 was replaced with an entirely new family of models with the symbol of the 123rd Succeeded by "Pooh," as affectionately called "the 115-tuple" from the very beginning, drew the attention of a rounded, modern for those times silhouettes. Stylistically self referred to the previously produced nearly four years SW 116th class From the day of his release, a "barrel" was loud and not only in Germany. Before the Mercedes saloons queued up, and often the new W 123 had to wait up to several weeks.

The car surprise not only to his very successful figure. Also, its interior was characterized by a good performance and functionality. Mercedes designers emphasized that the design and implementation of the seats, used the medical expertise. "The soft, shapeless seats sometimes have a bad effect on the driver while driving. The reason is simple, they cause unpleasant vibrations - stressed the German engineers. - At first glance, our seats may seem a bit stiff and hard. After a short ride on each grant us the right - including car seats are unparalleled in terms of comfort. "

Mercedes boasted the idea of using a single key that opens all the locks in the car. "No more browsing through his pockets in the dark and moknięciem before entering the vehicle when the hastily looking for the correct key in the whole bunch. WW 123 key matches for the first time "- proclaimed one of the slogans of the car.

"Barrel" offered in the Mercedes characteristic broad and diverse range of engines: the four-cylinder 55-horsepower six-diesel after the 2.8-liter petrol engine with 185 bhp. In contrast to the previous series of the German car brand under the symbol "W 123 hid all models, regardless of price. There was no distinction between cars more expensive and less expensive. The characteristic feature of "barrels" were placed horizontally on front double lamp. By common shade were lower than their fog lights. In the two most expensive models - 280 and 280 E, double, twin round headlights were replaced with rectangular lamps.

The 123 was the first car, the middle class, which uses the ABS system, controlled crumple zone and disc brakes on all wheels. With the abandonment of the traditional first half, much easier to become a collision repair this car. Another innovation was to increase the stiffness of the passenger compartment through the strengthening of the structure of the roof, pillars and doors, and apply the safety steering column, so that during the accident, they do not penetrate the column inside the cab. In the "barrel" was first used the composite indicator and wiper switch - currently one of the Mercedes brand names. Moreover, the "barrel" was the first European car with turbo engine.

According to tradition, the limousines of the series were also available as a chassis with a partial construction. On the basis of manufacturers developed their ambulances, hearses, vans and other vehicles for special applications.In 1977, the offer of the W 123 was updated with three new models. One of them was very successful, interesting style coupe version, also enjoys popularity in the U.S. market. The car quickly became a real collector's rarity. The autumn of 1977 to the family joined in the 123 model marked T. Interestingly, this was the first full-fledged Mercedes station wagon.Previously, this version was offered as a special, produced by independent companies based on the partial body.

Excellent Model T to adopt a huge success crowned Series 123rd For nine years the world has sold more than 2.7 million units sold! This was the result of nearly twice better than its predecessor "barrels" - the 115th precise, let us add that in 1985 the 123 was replaced by a model W 124, affectionately called the "envelope". Although the manufacture of the iconic Mercedes ended twenty years ago, the car still has to be a good taking. At the end of the seventies, the American magazine "Car and Driver," wrote about the "barrel" that "a car never goes out of fashion." Let it be enough for the entire comment ...

At the end - why "barrel"? It is not known. Perhaps because of the slightly convex shape and direction rowkowatych resembling plank?

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BMW Serii 6 E24 (1976-1989)



Sporty and elegant at the same time. It is said of him: "a technological marvel of the late 70th and 80 ". The unusual silhouette and excellent performance made the presentation of the car seized the imagination of hundreds of thousands of men around the world.

Beautiful convertible BMW still enjoys great popularity. In the United States 'six' is still one of the most expensive car among the oldtimers. For the great lovers of this car at all times include: Mike Tyson, Madonna, Clint Eastwood and Morgan Freeman.

When in 1970 the Bavarian brand chief stylist was Frenchman Paul Bracq, creator of the legendary "shark" in the air you could feel the coming change.Bracq, who returned to Munich after the adventure with Mercedes was intended to counteract declining sales of BMW models. Series E9 slowly went away to rest, the heads of the group decided it was time to replace it with something completely new. The Frenchman has decided to completely withdraw from the market in line E9. In his head he had a vision of her successor.

The inspiration for Bracq'a became the Series 5 (E12), which it designed the person. At the official presentation, which took place in August 1976 in Geneva, eyes all over the world came out of the car predatory wedge-shaped silhouette, which emphasized the going down of the mask downward bulge aggressive, wide stance and pivot and gently sloping roofline to the rear of the relatively short . Auto attracted the admiration of the elements of this, such as massive, dual exhaust system located in the center of the chassis characteristic grill and large, round headlamps.

The first two models: 600 CS, and much stronger 633Csi cost respectively 40 and 43 000 marks. Much more popular was the second of these - with an engine capacity of 3.3 liters and 197 hp power. Auto without any problems rozpędzało to 215 km / h, while the "hundreds" accelerated in 7.9 seconds.For eight years, the production version was sold in a number close to 40,000 copies, of which more than one third went out on the American market.

Interestingly, the "only" 50,000 you could buy a brand model "ultraluksusowy" with leather seats, high-end stereo, automatic transmission and a sunroof.Although its price was staggering (to this day it is!) Pomyliłby the one who prophesied this disaster hit-market. On the contrary, in the Federal Republic of Germany to sell the car just fine. What's more, the model immediately conquered the United States, to which BMW did not follow dosyłać subsequent copies. Customers waiting for his "six" weeks.

There are over two years after the Geneva launch, when the salons came top of the line version of the legendary model. Auto named 635CSi possessed a powerful, 3.5-liter and 218-hp engine which gave the them to over 230 km / h. "Style is one thing, but for us as important, if not more important is technology. That is why during the construction of the car used the most advanced technologies, the latest. With pride we offer our hands in your work "- said during the presentation of the heads of BMW 635CSi.

Even though the car weighed over a half ton to 100 km / h accelerated in just over seven seconds. In the eleven years the model has found more than 60,000 buyers. "I feel like in this model, everything was perfect - wonderful shapes, tasteful interior with large windows to give the that inside the car is bright and spacious, as well as excellent damping, by which the engine runs almost noiselessly. For this you need to add a really great performance, driveability paramount, and lots of other details that gladden the heart of every driver in the world "- he wrote in one of the test magazine Motor Trend.

Interesting modifications "six" passed in the United States. Americans have always been fascinated by the monstrous engines, assembled them into masks BMW. For them the biggest asset of this car was its beautiful silhouette. Reduced body "Six" covered most fiery flames and other designs. These cars still run on American roads.

Beautiful page in the history of this car also noted the race drivers. Behind the wheel, "six", a monster with an engine capacity from 486 to 800 hp (!) Odnosili sporting successes include: Roberto Ravaglia, Dieter Quester, Gerard Berger, Hans-Joachim Stuck, Helmut Kelleners and Marc Surer. In 1981, two Swiss and Herbie Weginz Niger Harald won the prestigious race at Vallelunga in Rome, then a four-hour competition at Monza, and at the end of the season won the British Silverstone. In the same year he won the European Championship race Kelleners, and his achievement he repeated five years later, Ravaglia.

Another witness to the domination of the BMW race was 1983, in which the team is composed of: Thierry Tassin, Hans Heyer and Armin Hahne won the 24-hour race at Spa, Belgium. The competition over the years have become a specialty of the Bavarian brand new team - in the years from 1965 to 1998, winning the BMW car in Spa as much as 21 times! In 1983 the BMW driver took eight of the top ten classification race at Monza.

For nearly thirteen years with a factory in Dingolfing left nearly 120 thousand copies of this model. In 1989, shortly after withdrawing it from sale, for a short time to replace it with an impressive eighth series Two years ago, BMW has decided to return to the market for large luxury sedan and the revived cult "six." Like his legendary predecessor, the car was packed with modern technology. The right to complain do not have experience or amateur sports - 4.4-liter engine with 333 hp will meet all their whims.




Sunday, October 31, 2010

Renault 16 (1965-1980)



In 1960 a group of engineers from Billancourt started work on a project 1150th It was a technological revolution - the vehicle, who later received the designation 
 16 completely different from the models with the engine mounted Dauphine back. In no way resembled the larger model Fregate with the front-engine, but still 
 rear-wheel drive and has an archaic pontoon body.

For the first time in the history of Renault cars were designed to drive the front wheels 
 ii for the first time in the history of the automobile body referred to the English word hatchback received a fifth door - hinged top flap, which facilitated access to the boot 
 and enable loading of bulky items. The first sketches the characteristic profiles of the clipped back and a long wheelbase formed in 1961 - long before the project implemented by the sirens of 110 BKPmot and FSO. Staff of the dozens of people led by one of the greatest French designers of the twentieth century - Philippe Charbonneaux 
 - many built clay models of the new Renault at different scales, giving a block of soft shapes. One of the designers, stylists was later head of the Renault Automobile Service Style (Design Department) - Gaston Juchet. Large glass surfaces of windows in the distinctive wedge-shaped mierzącemu they added 4.23 m vehicle lightness.

In 1963, the prototypes were ready, which was tested in a wind tunnel and subjected to crash tests Renault's research center in Lardy. The result of these tests was to strengthen the construction of the passenger compartment. Since the first production copy, Renault 16 points had a standard safety belt anchorages driver and passenger. In later years it also made for the rear passengers. Department designing engines tested several four-cylinder units. As a result, a selected motor with a capacity of 697 cm, 1470 force 59 hp. Assembled in the years 1965-1971. Bench also tested a more powerful unit 1 565 cm and 83 hp. Engine type: 807 stood out head with a transverse flow of the mixture and the valves set 
 V-shaped

In addition to the standard four-speed gearbox was working on a gearbox with five ratios, 
 as well as over-speed automatic transmission. Throughout the period of manufacture Renault 16 had the gearshift on the steering column. The front suspension uses control arms and torsion bars, rear trailing arms are placed with transverse torsion bars.

Provide effective braking discs (front) and rear wheel brakes. In 1964, prototypes covered over one million kilometers, from Morocco to northern Finland. The suspension is tuned after thousands of hours test run on the track Monthlery.

The official premiere of the car took place in March 1965 at the Geneva Motor Show. Presentation of Renault in 1916 led to multi-day siege of the booth. The car was found by one of the journalists' magazine L'Automobile revolutionary vehicle that set new trends in the automotive industry. Soon, an international jury of automotive journalists awarded the honorable title of sixteen Car of the Year 1966. Serial production model was launched in 1965, Renault's new plant in Sandouville.

In addition to front-wheel drive and an innovative body Renault 16, referred to initially as half a limo / half combo, an important advantage was the possibility of interior design in several different ways - from the bedroom to the interior designed for the transport of long objects. Allow the front seats fold and split rear seat. Depending on their configuration can be obtained from 345 to 425 liter luggage capacity - excluding the floor to the window line - and twice more in the case removed from the bench and use the entire height of the vehicle, which gave almost the same capacity as the mid-size station wagon. Among the thousands of models of cars produced worldwide, the Renault 16 was the undisputed leader of functionality and use of space.

The Luxe version 16 was installed in front of a sofa, model 1916 Super Grand Luxe and already had a separate seat at the front, rear seat armrest and a few other amenities such as lighting rack, an electric cigarette lighter, and - for an extra charge - one of four shades of metallic paint. In the top-version of the Super introduced a completely new solution - a longitudinal adjustment of the rear seats. The vehicle has developed a top speed of 
 of 145 km / h, and its fuel consumption was 9.5 l/100 km.

1470 cm modified engine with a capacity of 82 hp and the transmission went to the British Lotus Europa S1, which was to be sold to the Renault dealer network in the Old Continent. By the end of the production made them before, but the line of the body did not fundamentally change. Major changes related to the drive units and other mechanisms. With a view to countries with poor quality fuel was introduced several versions of the engine 
 a lower compression ratio of at 1:7,6.

The first minor changes in the Renault 16 was introduced a few months after its release. In the course of production has changed the literal version of vehicle marking system. In March 1968, at Geneva to present a model 16 TS OHC engine with a capacity of 1565 cm 
 and 83 hp. The unit was powered dwugardzielowym Weber carburetor. Vehicle speed increased to 165 km / h. The use of radial tires 155-355 (or 155-14) improved the behavior of the car when cornering. The brake system uses vacuum to assist Mastervac, and the front bumpers are there many more far-reaching H4 headlights.

TS version (factory designation R-1151) was well equipped and has taken over the flagship model. In 1969, Renault appeared in the salons of the model 16 TA with a three-
 speed automatic transmission with hydraulic torque converter. The correct operation of the electronic gear watched module developed by Renault and Thomoson 
. Model 16 TA (power 67 hp) was designated R-1153 and was offered both 
 in Europe, as well as in the U.S. and Australia. In the late '60s range of Renault models were also offered in Poland through the network of Pekao. Sixteen 
 also offered in Czechoslovakia and Hungary.

Although the Renault 16 was associated mainly with the comfort and space, also took part in sports events. Swiss driver F. Reust (Renault 16 TS Blick Racing Team) came in 43rd place in the marathon in London-Syndey, where several hundred vehicles were involved. Auto competed in a number of other events, including the Monte Carlo Rally 
 in 1971. For fans of driving fast Autobleu company offering a range of accessories tuning. From April 1970 all versions of the Renault 16 was a standard feature 
 safety belts for driver and passenger. In 1972 he introduced two types of fascia: the L and TL models used ribbon speedometer, while the TS - round instruments.

Lifting body design was Renault in September 1973 on the occasion of the presentation of the Renault 16 TX 93-horsepower 1647 cc. Was not only a new logo, designed by Victor Vasarely, but also a five-speed, dual-circuit brake system, black plastic grille and the four square halogen headlights. Model 16 also had the TX sports rims from Renault 12 Gordini, decorative chrome frames around the windows, power windows and rear window wiper. Versions L and 
 TL and TS in 1974 received a new grille, in which two reflectors used so far.

In March 1975 he was a top notch vehicle in the range of Renault took over the six-Renault 30, a few months later model 20th High comfort and excellent usability resulted in the Renault 16 was still eagerly bought in France and several other countries around the world. In 1976, the offer remained versions of the TA, TLA, TL, TX, were withdrawn and 16 TS. In selected markets, went to the Renault 16 TL 1565 cm relaxed engine 
 and reduced power to 55 hp.

All versions of the Renault 16 had seat belts, safety and the broken steering column locks, which allowed the opening of the door, even after a strong collision and deformation of the body. Since July 1978 all versions of the standard equipment included rear seat belts.

Following the introduction of 1918 model production was restricted to the sixteenth-TX and TL models with an engine power 67 hp adapted to gasoline with reduced lead content. The most important export markets outside of France were: Belgium, Netherlands, Spain, Germany and Switzerland. The last of the 1 850 000 copies of the Renault 16 rolled off the factory in Sandouville 
 in May 1980.

Celebrating the jubilee 45th anniversary of the car has played a vital role in company's history 
 Renault. The idea of maximum use of space, safety and comfort has survived both the capacious Espace (1984 year) as well as Renault's mid-range cars - from Model 18 (1978) by 1921 (1986 year), to the successive generations of Laguna produced from 1994 to today. The idea of a hatchback body, which began Philppe Charbonneaux when designing the Renault 16, became a big breakthrough in automotive history.




Fiat X1/9 (1973-1989)



Fiat X1 / 9 was the popular successor to the 850 Spider. In no way, however, does not resemble its predecessor. The life of our hero began in 1969, when a car dealership in Turin, presented concept car called the Autobianchi A112 Runabout. This work of Marcello Gandini, Bertone's chief stylist, reminiscent of a motorboat on four wheels.

Fiat X1 / 9 officially debuted in 1972, a week after the living room of Turin, and that is because the presentation of the model 131st Moreover, in the name of the new car has remained a code designation of the project. Other Italian car company after the entry into production of losing those signs traditionally used for digital content, such as 128 (X1 / 1), 130 (X1 / 3), 127 (X1 / 4) or 138 (X1/30), which ultimately received a Ritmo.

Fiat X1 / 9 his unusual stance attracted the interest of many car enthusiasts. This was the first Italian company car with the engine mounted centrally from the rear axle. Two-seat vehicle with angular lines with concealed headlights and a removable roof, in particular touched a nerve with young sporty drivers. However, his performance was very modest. The power unit came
128th model The first version of the engine with a capacity of 1300 ccm power had only 75 hp. For hundreds at a time gave the more than 12 s, and reached only to 160 km / h. These parameters were slightly improved after the 1.5-liter engine from the model Ritmo. This unit Securenta acquired 85 hp and have worked with 5-speed gearbox.

Competitive sports car quickly conquered the European market. A similar career has done well overseas. Delivered to the U.S. Fiat X1 / 9 with much larger buffers, corresponding to the local safety requirements.

Fiat considering building a model based on the X1 / 9 racing car, but finally selected a similar model, also designed by Bertone and Marcello Gandini - Lancia Stratos. As it turned out, it was the right choice.

It was established while a few sports prototypes, the most famous - built by Dallara - raced in sports car world championships.

The chassis and bodywork of the X1 / 9 Bertone produced in factories in Turin. Then transported them to the famous Lingotto Fiat plant, where he assembled the engine and other components. In 1982 all production moved to Turin, and the vehicles appeared badge Bertone X1 / 9 Cars distinguished two-tone bodywork and leather seats.

In total the routes traveled about 200 thousand cars. 150,000 of them are Fiats X1 / 9, the others being Bertone X / 9 The last series of cars built in 1989-1990 was called Gran Finale (Grand Final) and this is the end of our story




Thursday, October 28, 2010

Volkswagen Golf I (1974-1983)




Produced the first hit was a badge of Volkswagen Beetle. However, after several years of production, even the most successful vehicle is aging and no longer attractive to customers. For this reason, the manufacturer began to have even financial problems. But fortunately not left the Wolfsburg-based company.

Introducing the 1974 Golf I, a successor to the Beetle, has managed to create another global hit, and above all let us Golf significantly improved financial results. The car debuted as a 3 - and 5-door hatchback. Development of the body took up Italian stylist Giorgio Giugiaro. We managed to build a spacious car with a spacious trunk, to which access was possible through the large, hinged top flap. Volume of cargo in the normal position of seats was 320 l, and when the rear bench seat grew to 1,100 l. stylistically innovative solution was also applied short rear overhangs. The dashboard was not too good, but it was clearly laid out large switches.
All engines were installed in the Golf Front transverse to the direction and drove the front wheels. The range of engines began with the 50-horse unit with a capacity of 1.1 l. The 1.3-liter was 54 or 60 hp, and 1.5-liter was obtained in 1970 and since 1975, 75 hp. Another was in the range of 1600 ccm engine capacity and power of 86 hp. The strongest was a unit with a capacity of 1800 cc and 95 bhp.

A year after its debut at the Frankfurt Motor Show showing the sportiest version of the Golf GTI. The nature of the variety highlighted flared fenders, larger wheels and a sports steering wheel and seats with headrests Ensolv. Initially provided to the drive unit with fuel injection 1.6 liter 110 hp. Such power in a car weighing just 780 kg allowed to obtain good performance. And so it really was. The car reached 100 km / h in 9.8 seconds and top speed was 182 km / h.
Later, the GTI was powered by a 1.8-liter unit with a capacity of 112 hp. The car version of the GTI quickly became a hit, because in the first year of its production of more than 10 percent of sales of the Golf was just a variant of the GTI.

The manufacturer has not forgotten about the cost drivers. In 1976 appeared the first model of the Golf diesel. With a capacity of 1500 cc 50 hp obtain. Later it was replaced by 1.6 unit of local power 54 hp. This car was not indeed dynamic, but he could consume only 4.5 liters of diesel per 100 km. In 1982, the range of diesels was complemented by a variety of supercharged 1.6 70 bhp.

To the transmission used 4 - or 5-speed manual and "automatic" 3 ratios.
First-generation Golf has served as a base for the development of several varieties of derivatives. The first of these was the Scirocco sports coupe already presented in 1974. Weakest engine had a small power like a sports car, because only 50 hp. The year 1979 brought two novelties.

First, the customer hit the Jetta, which was 2 - or 4-door variant of trzybryłowym body. The main advantage of this version was a rack with a capacity of up to 530 l. The second version of this year was a cabriolet, whose body was produced by Karmann. For those who need more cargo area provides a double pick-up Caddy.

The first Golf was created not only in Germany. It is also produced in South Africa, Mexico and the United States at New Stanton (PA). Was created there version of Rabbit (bunny) design to sell in the U.S. market. Compared with the European version of the car is easier to be distinguished mainly by a double rectangular headlamps.

Volkswagen Golf I produced was for nine years until 1983 when it replaced the next generation of this model. A total of almost 7 million was the first generation of the Golf hatchback version.


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Volvo 240 (1974-1993)



The driver of the Volvo 240 you really can be happy. Finally, it is nice to live with the knowledge that you are riding the same car as the second after Bill Gates the richest man in the world - Ikea founder Ingvar Kamprad.

Volvo 200 series was produced as a deep facelift model from 1966 144th Presented
in 1974, the model combines the elements of its predecessor with ideas taken from the prototype Vesc (Volvo Experimental Safety Car).

Already the previous model shone excellent solutions in the security field - he had four disc brakes, inertia belts, safety steering column, crumple zones, or even safe to handle.

Volvo 240 proved to be better in this respect - even in the early 90s independent research organizations evaluate this model as the safest car in the U.S. market. In addition, even by today's standards, auto lead safe and good brakes. But in terms of the propulsion system is not possible to obtain expected no extravagance. 4-cylinder petrol engines for the entire period of production were based essentially on the same, a simple 8-valve design with timing belt drive and driven shaft podpartym on five bearings.

Of course the rear wheel. Since 1984, he gradually introduced modified engines that were to be a bit more economical. While the design of the engine remained almost unchanged, it constantly modified his equipment. Volvo 240 was the case the first serial car equipped with a catalytic converter and lambda probe. 240 sold with diesel engines derived from Volkswagen vans or luxury versions (model 260) with silnkiami V6 constructed in collaboration with Peugeot and Renault.

Regardless of the engine, the Volvo 200 series cars is impressive sluggish. It is probably also the result of autosuggestion, because getting into a car built and looks like a tank, it was subconsciously expecting. From the driver's seat for a low windshield can be seen primarily long bonnet. Windows are tiny, but even so the visibility is excellent. You can see every corner of the car.

The new cars sometimes worse. What may disappoint some, the amount of interior space. For a comfortable ride enough, but some of the new compacts offer passengers much more. In addition to the passenger compartment save big builders have crumple zones.

Another advantage of the new cars can be seen immediately after beginning of the space. Although nearly 5 meters long car is stunningly feedback. It is located "on time", where other modern cars must park "for three times."

4-cylinder, gasoline engines are famous for their longevity Volvo i. .. poor work culture. But by 600-700 thousand. km, I more or less with proper use should withstand czterocylindrówka, you can get used to it. When you press the gas car moves forward as if they wanted to convince us that it does not do it too eagerly. Appearances can be deceptive - if we do not zrazi reluctant bass rumble, the deeper pedal car can actually go quite briskly. At the first corner, you can be surprised - as compared with 240 new cars to be leaning very strongly. Only that beyond the tipping nothing terrible happens.

Surprisingly, in contrast to other classic cars tylnonapedowych Volvo 240 is carried out fairly neutral. Despite the archaic suspension (rear rigid axle and a Panhard bar) niestraszne he is even "elk test". In the end, this model was made primarily for Skandynawach, who for much of the year ride through the snow and ice.




Wednesday, October 27, 2010

Ford Capri (1969-1974)




After the success of the Ford Mustang in the United States, the American automotive giant also wanted him to conquer Europe.

Large advertising, as well as the important role in the film by Claude Lelouche'a "Man and Woman," in which Jean-Louis Trintignant he takes the car, Anouk Aimée, and it starts at the Monte Carlo Rally, have not yielded the expected result of the market. Mustang was too expensive for Europeans, and especially its exploitation.

It was therefore decided to prepare a new, fuel-efficient sports car model. This project was named Colt. Over its implementation began in 1965, the work of a team of British engineers under the leadership of John Hitchmana.

After two years the car was ready. But it turned out that Colt name has already been registered by Mitsubishi. For this reason, once again in the history of the Ford Capri appeared. In the years 1961-1964 produced poorly seller (only 19 thousand. Copies) Classic model, a designation meant Consul Capri coupé version of the vehicle.

The first public demonstration of Ford's new car took place on 21 January 1969 in Bonn. Unveiled a small group of journalists in Cyprus. But there is an embargo on any information about him until January 24, 1969. Then the Brussels Motor Show was the official premiere. Ford Capri the place became a huge sensation.

Production started simultaneously in two European subsidiaries of American concern - in Dagenham in England and Cologne, Germany. In less than two years they have produced almost 600 thousand Capri.

In Britain, they were advertised under the slogan "The car you always promised yourself" (the car that we always promised.) Type a new sports car stand out a great line. Well-contoured front seats to ensure proper position of the steering wheel at an angle and a short shift lever gave immense pleasure of driving this vehicle. Unfortunately, people in the back of the udczuwali not the same. I just do not have too much space. Limited them to low-sloping roof line of the body.

Ford Capri was distinguished by the multiplicity of varieties. In his time he was the only car, which used as many as 13 versions and 11 engine variants of the equipment. In this model there was only one body. Looking at the Capri, it was not known how this model, which is hidden under the hood and inside the vehicle. You could not recognize where it was produced at Dagenham, or in Cologne.

Models produced in the UK from Germany differed primarily engines. Initially, the choice of England were in-line engines Kent 1300 and 1600, both also available in enhanced versions of GT. Vehicles with a choice of Cologne V4 units were used earlier in the Taunus model: 1300, 1500, 1700, and 2000 GT V6.

In 1970, the offer appeared on 3000 GT V6, but this car had not enjoyed too much popularity.
The first generation of engines were a couple. In February 1974 the market showed a second version of the Ford Capri. These changes were primarily the front part of the body and trunk, which has now received the third door, so that its capacity has nearly doubled, to 430 l. The new model has lost some of its sporty looks. 4 years later came the third generation of Capri. This vehicle is most easily identified by the dual front headlights (previously used only in 3000 GLX) and a black, rear spoiler.

***


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Audi 80 B1 (1972-1978)



In the summer of 1972, Olympic Technical Director Audi Ludwig Kraus presented the new model numbers marked the 80th. This car, though was characterized by innovative design solutions, quickly won the recognition of users. It was reliable and durable. This does not mean that, without the drawbacks. Older models were prone to rust, but to a much lesser extent than the then other vehicles.

A breakthrough in the production of the year 1980, when the tape began to go down vehicles with bodywork made of galvanized steel. During the Munich Olympics Audi has introduced new vehicles with engines of 55 hp (80/80 L), 75 hp (80 S/80 LS) and 85 hp (80 GL). A year later, the market showed a 80 GT model with 100-horse power unit. Audi 80, which the U.S. called the Audi Fox, had his twin brother with the sign of VW - Passat.

Body Audi 80 was characterized by a calm line. His appearance resembled a model of the 100th Vehicle equipment was rather modest and limited to the most needed items. But the trunk with a capacity of 450 liters was enough to take a sizeable load. This allowed the attachment of flat on the floor of the 46-liter fuel tank. The only problem sprawiało spare wheel that is mounted in a very awkward way to remove the wall of the trunk.

Audi 80 engine was a more modern design than its predecessor - a model of the 100th They put him on the front along the body and slightly inclined to the right. This allowed better access and easier to use.
The low price and reliability, "80" meant that it became a market hit. Within 6 years of production sold over a million of these cars.

In 1978, there is a new Audi 80 Series B2. Still on the badge on the back of cars destined for the European market was a number of 80th In the U.S., this model was designated the 4000th Work on the B2 Series bodywork led Italian stylist Giorgetto Giugiaro. Major changes have affected the anterior and posterior portions of the body, used instead of the round rectangular headlights. In the 1982 season in a palette of vehicles appeared Audi 80 Quattro with 136-horsepower engine.

B3 series appeared on the market in September 1986. This time the vehicle is brand new, aerodynamic appearance. His body was protected against galvanic corrosion. Extended wheelbase, and front and rear wheels. Thus improved and so have a good standing of a vehicle in motion. The range of engines grew by a diesel engine and five-cylinder unit from the 90th Audi

In 1991, "80" new B4 series underwent a major facelift. Clearly changed the look of the front of the vehicle. Four years later, the Audi 80 was replaced by the new model A4.









Monday, October 25, 2010

Citoren DS (1955-1975)



At the Paris Motor Show, 6 October 1955 and premiered on Citroen DS. A new model for the French manufacturer was a real sensation. In 45 min after the presentation of this unique car company took 749 orders, and by the end of the quantity of orders amounted to 12 thousand. Given the rather high price for the Citroen DS, this result was impressive. At the time when the Citroen DS. was presented in Paris, all the other cars have become obsolete and the DS. was named car of the future.

Citroen DS. was the successor of the famous Traction Avant. Its name comes from the French "Déesse" or the Goddess. The car was notable for modern design and innovative technical solutions. The project is the Citroen DS. these same engineers were working at the construction of the Traction Avant model. Andre Lafebvr Engineer working on technical solutions, and Flaminio Bertoni has designed a unique line of body Citroen DS. The excellence of the project can provide an extremely low drag coefficient Cx of at 0.38.

Citroen DS. a car with a unique body style but a lot of innovative solutions can also be found in the interior. Unusual, futuristic dashboard is considered by many to be a veritable work of art. All indicators are centrally located in one display, and access to integrated switches was possible without taking hands off the steering wheel a single arm. Throughout the interior we find the effects of stylists work striving to make it more ergonomic.

Provide an extraordinary travel comfort range of hydraulic solutions. Soft, comfortable well-pneumatic suspension and defeat niwelowało inequality, and body roll. The suspension is allowed to set the driver's car ground clearance from 90 to 280 mm. Linkage has also been included in the steering system. Was used to semi-automatic transmission gearbox, which totally Festival lasted without the clutch.

The front wheels have a greater distance than the rear. But novelty was the use of disc brakes on them. Previously, this solution was used only in high-performance vehicles. Unique was the parking brake. Run it the leg and closed with a key - against thieves. He worked on the front wheel discs. Citroën DS was also the first car in the world with the braking system with two independent circuits. Such a large number of previously unused solutions favored failures. Driving a car with automatic clutch and brake system required an unconventional habit.

DS used a number of other innovative solutions. Its rear window was made of Plexiglas. Engine cover were made from aluminum. Vehicle roof was made of plastics. Radiator fan and the first signs of indicators (to September 1961) were made of nylon, in 1955 an exceptionally modern material.

In 1957 he went into the production model ID (Idée, or idea). He was deprived of all hydraulic systems in addition to hydropneumatic suspension. He was just a cheaper version of the DS. A year later, presented a model station wagon.

Too big, too heavy, but perfect rajdowiec

Initially driven by DS adopted from the Traction Avant engine with a capacity of 1911 cc and 75 hp. Later supplemented with market offer units with a capacity of 1,985 cc (99 hp) 2175 ccm (106 and 125 hp) and 2,347 cc (115 and 130 hp). In 1968 he was the only major change in the history of the body of this model. Changed the shape of the headlights. Twin headlights hidden behind the shade of an aerodynamic shape.

Internal light twist with wheels, which allowed for bend lighting. The original model was the convertible produced since 1960 by Chapron. Citroën DS appreciate not only ordinary users. We have successfully served many governments. Outstanding performance driving nieopancerzonego DS and reflexes of the driver owed his life, President Charles de Gaulle. August 22, 1962, the president of France came out unscathed from the bombing, organized by the OAS militants. Bullets pierced the only two tires.

Citroën DS does not look like a rally car - too big, too heavy, too complicated and not sufficiently fast. In spite of this logic, both the DS and ID have achieved remarkable results in sports. Citroën proved to be dangerous opponents, especially in difficult terrain. For the first time the DS launched in the Monte Carlo Rally in 1956. Three years later, ID 1919, led by Paul Coltelloniego, was the best in this event, and his driver won the rally championship in Europe. Then came success in competitions such as the Acropolis Rally, the marathon Liege-Sofia-Liege Rally, or Morocco.
April 24, 1975 year, rolled off production lines last Citroën DS. During nearly 20 years produced 1 456 115 of these vehicles.



Wednesday, October 20, 2010

Opel Ascona B (1975-1981)



In the mid-70s. Opel has launched the second generation Opel Ascona car the middle class. Although it was mainly intended for young families, worked perfectly well in the rallies.

In autumn 1970 years Opel introduced a new class of vehicle, as determined by the internal code symbol 1.450. The company, based in Rüsselsheim, September 9, presented Manta coupe. A little later, on October 28, Ascona saw the light of day. The name of this car comes from the Swiss town situated on Lake Maggiore.

This vehicle was built as a 2- and 4- door sedan and 3- door station wagon called the Caravan or Voyage. Positioned it between the Kadett models and Record.

Ascona main competitor was the Ford Taunus. New Opel effectively fight him on the market until 1975. At that time produced nearly 692,000 units of this car.

The second generation of Ascona was presented in 1975 at the Motor Show in Frankfurt. This time the car was only offered as a 2 - or 4 - door sedan. Compared to its predecessor clearly modernized the exterior. It became more modern. To drive the Opel Ascona B used the same engines as in its original version. Units of selection were 1.2 (60 hp), 1.6 (68 hp) and 1.9 (90 hp). This last engine in 1978 was enlarged to 2 liters.With a higher compression ratio and in the use of 98-octane gasoline as S reached power of 110 hp. Version 2.0 of its E was equipped with electronic fuel injection Bosch L-Jetronic. The offer also appeared on the manufacturer's two-liter diesel.

Great importance was attached also to security matters. Ascona B roof reinforced with three cross bars, which are placed at the front and the rear window and the center between the uprights. In the car mounted seat belts, and then the equipment was supplemented also glued the windshield.

In Britain, where he produced Ascona, acted as the Vauxhall Cavalier. In South Africa - with the front borrowed from Opel Manta - was sold as Chevrolet Cheyair. A total of 1981 produced more than 1.2 million copies of the second generation of Ascona.

Opel Ascona no sports figure, but the vehicle did a lot of success in rallying. October 1, 1979, she was approved Ascona 400 with 2.4-liter engine producing over 200 hp. Its designation is derived from the number of units produced cars that are needed for its approval in group 4 by the Federation International Automobile (FIA).

In 1974 he got behind the wheel of Ascona A Walter Röhrl won the championship of Europe. Five years later, that title after he reached his compatriot Jochi Kleint, which benefited from the model B. In 1982, at the wheel of Ascona 400 was the European champion Antonio Fassino, starting under the name Tony. In the same season after the top trophy - the title of World Rally Champion - Walter Röhrl reached. His Ascona 400 Rothmans livery company won the Monte Carlo Rally, and severe events in Africa - Ivory Coast Rally.

After B's turn Ascona C. A third version was presented in August 1981. It was the second car Opel front-wheel drive since the introduction of the Kadett D in season 1979. The range of vehicles increased by 5- door hatchback.

In August 1988 the production was completed Ascona C. On the way he left was the Opel Vectra.














Datsun 240Z (1969-1975)



Slim, attractive looks Datsun 240Z entered automotive history as the fastest-selling sports car of all time

The idea of constructing Datsun 240Z came from the president of Nissan Motor Corporation in USA Yutaki Katayama, known as "Mr. K". The Japanese company has produced sports cars since 1961, when the base was built in 1500 Fairlady Sports Datsun 1600. It was to be a completely different vehicle . Katayamie liked the long hood of Jaguar E and some solutions in European vehicles. To work on a new car stylists proceeded under the guidance of Yoshihiko Matsuo and a group of engineers led by Tiichi Hara. Many famous sports cars in the names of numbers and figures, therefore, Katayama for his project came up with 240, which means the cylinder capacity. This has always loved good-sounding letter Z.

In October 1969 a new series of the first vehicle - the Datsun 240Z was introduced in the ballroom of the Pierre Hotel in New York. Slim, arousing strong emotions sports chassis with 6-cylinder inline engine with a capacity of 2.4 l 150 bhp allowing high as 100 km / h in just over 9 seconds quickly gained recognition Americans. In addition, the car was very good driveability and ensures high ride comfort thanks to independent suspension on all wheels.

In 1969 Datsun 240Z in the U.S. cost of $ 3,526. It was a relatively quiet, if we take into account the value that this vehicle represented themselves. Performance and styling successfully compete with the much more expensive sports cars from Europe.Japanese car quickly became a hit the American market, and the waiting time for receiving ordered the car came to 6 months. In 1970 240Z used could be purchased for $ 4000, which is more expensive than new ones.

Immediately after the commencement of production of a new Datsun began to take part in sports competitions. In the U.S., regularly successful in SCCA racing series and IMSA. Also fared well in the toughest races. In 1971, Edgar Herrmann and Hans Schuller won the Safari Rally. Two years later, this African event triumphed Shekhar Mehta and Lofty Drews.

Until 1975, sold 156 076 units Datsun 240Z. On his turn, however, were already waiting new versions.

In the 70s The first model of the series "Z" subject to constant change. First, the bodywork was 260Z 2 2, then the 280Z and the 280ZX. In the next decade, entered the market 280ZX Turbo, 300 ZX and 300 ZX Turbo. However, in this period, a loss of interest in these sports vehicles. Although everything still successor 240Z coped well in the American racing series.

During the gala at the Petersen Automotive Museum in Los Angeles in 1996, officially farewell to a series of "Z". Over 26 years sold a total of 1 087 409 of these vehicles. The parting was not too long. In 2001 at the Tokyo Motor Show presents another Datsun 240Z successor - the Nissan 350Z.




Lancia Aurelia B20 GT (1950-1958)


Lancia Aurelia, designed by Vittorio Jano, by many is considered to be the first car Category Gran Turismo (GT)

In 1950 at the Turin Motor Show presents a new model of Lancia - Aurelia. Under the hood of the car hiding in a 6-cylinder engine in the system V the first time used in the production of this type of drive unit. Car was designed by famous Italian designer Vittorio Jano, who previously created an excellent range, sporting Alfa Romeo. Another new feature of providing not only comfort but also excellent road holding, it was the rear axle with lower wishbones diagonal.

Lancia Aurelia cars cost more than the competition, but his offer users more luxury.Steering has been adjusted to the height, you can also adjust the pedals to their growth. Interior rear revert to a single button, so drivers are not blinded vehicles driving on the back. Had placed the ashes of cigarettes in two put forward, self-emptying piping ashtrays. One of the three thermostats (dual-circuit system) control the shutter before the radiator, and windshield washer wash vacuum system. To ensure optimal weight distribution, transmission Aurelia mounted on the rear axle (transaxle). First gear was not synchronized.

The first was Aurelia B10 sedan equipped with a V6 engine with a capacity of 1754 cc and power close to 60 hp. This 4-door vehicle was slightly criticized for being too weak performance. Lancia's response was presented a year later with a larger model B21 (1991 cc) and a more powerful engine (70 hp). At the same time there is a beautiful, 2-door coupe GT marked B20. His body was designed from the known Boano Gianpaolo's stylistic Ghia. The production was commissioned Pininfarina coupe body.

The third series of Aurelia, in 1953, received a drive unit with a capacity of 2451 cc and power almost 120 hp. The car has lost the characteristic of the earlier versions of fins in the rear.

Another series launched as an open car - B24 Spider. For the first time showing it to the Brussels Motor Show in Belgium in 1955. This work was Pininfarina styling in terms of mechanics related to B20, was only about 20 cm shorter wheelbase. In this series also appeared with steering wheel-mounted Aurelie on the left side. Such a requirement was necessary to sell these cars in the U.S. market.

Used the last, lost the sixth series of the power that in 1957 when the engine fell 2.5 to 112 hp. Greater emphasis placed on these vehicles to luxurious finish and comfort.

Almost from its inception, the Lancia Aurelia participated in sports competitions. In 1951, the legendary road race, Italian Giovanni Bracco and Umberto Maglioli on a 2-liter coupe B20 lost only Gigim Villoresim on the Ferrari 340 America. In the same season, the same pair of drivers won their class in the 24 hours of Le Mans. Later, Aurelie dominated 6-h race in Pescara, which took six first places.

Sedan production ended in 1955. Three years later he rolled off the last coupe and cabriolets.